15 GENERAL ERRORS OF PORTRAIT PHOTOS
To make successful photo portraits, you need to think not only about the camera settings: you need to control that the lighting is installed correctly, there is a suitable background, as well as a wardrobe and other details for shooting. But most of the attention you need to pay to the people you photograph.
Combining all this is not easy, especially if you have little or no experience.
A good way to gain experience is to practice taking portraits of someone you know and who like to be photographed. Working with the same person for more than one or two photo shoots will help develop the necessary skills. At first, many make typical mistakes in portraiture. Try to avoid them.
The most common mistake in portraiture is that there is too much space above the head of the subject. This emptiness in the portrait, as a rule, does nothing for the appearance of the photograph. And if there is no semantic load in this space, cut it off.
Too much detail in focus behind your subject can divert attention from it. Choose your position carefully. Choose your lens carefully. Using a telephoto lens reduces the background volume in the frame.
The subject is too close to the background.
Even using a simple background will be better if you separate the subject from it.
Object out of focus.
You may be tempted to open the diaphragm wide to blur the distracting background. But be careful with this technique so as not to lose focus on the subject. Blurring the background may blur the subject too much.
Out of focus eyes
If the subject has eyes, focus on them. This is one of the important rules of photography. Very rarely, a portrait with out of focus eyes looks good. When the model is looking directly at the camera, it is easy to focus both eyes. In case the head is turned to the side, you need to focus on the eye that is closer to the camera.
Slow shutter speed
People are moving. You need to choose a fast enough shutter speed so that you can “freeze” the movement. Even if the movement is small, it can still lead to a blurry picture if the shutter speed is too slow.
Normally, a shutter speed of 1/250 second is sufficient.
Modern cameras can take photos in low light, so it’s easy to make a mistake in the settings.
It is very important to have the right lighting to create your mood. If you need a soft and romantic portrait, then hard, high-contrast lighting is not suitable here. Similarly, soft light will not help you create a dramatic atmosphere in a photograph.
Bad shooting moment
Catching the right moment to shoot is very important. If you miss this moment, the people you shoot may not want to pose again.
The choice of the moment of shooting can become successful or spoil the portrait. It is important to wait and observe the person’s face in order to press the shutter button at the right time. Most people will not look at your camera without changing their facial expressions, so you should be prepared to catch the moment when they look best.
If you are photographing a person who blinks frequently, you will have to catch the moment when the person’s eyes are open.
Not enough photos
You will need to take quite a few photos. A small number of shots will upset you when you edit and process a photo, because you will have too few choices.
But do not sit with the camera in burst mode, filling the memory card with almost identical images. Strive to create a variety of shots, this will facilitate the task of choice.
Too many photos
It can be difficult to strike a balance between too few and too many photos.
Some people will find it more convenient to take pictures for a longer period of time than others. You must understand this. If your subject becomes boring or becomes nervous because you take it too long or take too many photos, it will be visible in his face. As a result, the quality of the photo will suffer.
Lack of understanding with the subject
Good contact with the person you photograph is one of the most important aspects of portraiture. Building a rapport with your subject, even if you only have a few minutes to shoot, can have a big impact on the final images.
When your person is relaxed with you and happy, you will get the best shots. Your manner of communicating with the shooting character is very important.