10 COOL WAYS TO USE THE CAMERA FLASH
Flash is one of the simplest but most versatile tools in photography. Once you understand the basics of its settings (say, how to reduce or increase power and how to synchronize it with the camera), you can easily play different lighting techniques.
Use the flash as your primary light source.
Of course, on-camera flashes do not give as much light as a powerful studio monoblock or a set of studio lights, but you can easily transfer them to different places for shooting. Moreover, the on-camera light uses its own energy source, for it you do not need access to an electrical outlet. And with the right light modifier, the on-camera flash can recreate the illusion of natural light.
Often photographers use not just a diffuser, but softboxes for on-camera flashes to get a large source of soft light that works like light from a window. If you do not have a diffuser or softbox, you can soften the light with your white business card.
Expand the flash and point it at a white wall, ceiling, or any other bright surface. Do not forget – the larger the light source, the softer the lighting.
Highlight an object in the dark
Where it is quite dark, a flash will be salvation. Use it to show shadows and reveal the details of the subject when, for example, you are shooting against a sunset sky. Or, conversely, create a luminous outline around the subject by placing the flash right behind your model. This is a great way to get interesting night or twilight portraits.
In fog, light from a flash can produce very beautiful shining rays. Do not be afraid to leave your model in the shade, while creating its beautiful glowing silhouette.
Use hard light to create deep shadows.
On-camera flashes are small and they produce a very harsh type of light that can lead to dark and pronounced shadows. Take advantage of this effect. Not every object looks good with very dark shadows and very bright highlights, but the crystals and flowers in glass jars are certainly good!
A flash with a small strip box was used for this shot, from which scattering tissue was removed. Thus, they got a tougher light and brighter glare from the glass jars.
Hard light can be useful when you want to betray the feeling of outer space. Look at the photos from the moon. The absence of atmosphere means the absence of soft light, so the shadows are very clear.
Using the flash to produce bright light with strong contrast is also well suited for revealing the texture and volume of the subject. You can also shoot high-contrast objects on a bright background and create patterns with a slight bias towards the aesthetics of pop art.
On-camera flashes are powerful enough to create a dazzling white background that is great for a variety of shots.
First of all, you can get perfect pictures of glass and other transparent objects. Just place the flash behind any diffusing material (white cloth or breadboard paper), set it at a distance from objects, and watch the liquid from the cans of water and flowers begin to shine!
If you move the diffuser so that it slightly covers the shooting scene from above and reflects the background, you can shoot compositions with rain. Under such lighting, water becomes luminous against a wet background. This can add a sense of realism to the picture.
If you increase the power of the flashes to at least 1/2, they can give enough light to break through the foliage – you can create a wonderful composition with “sunlight” penetrating through the leaves. Gather some tree branches with green leaves, attach them with transparent duct tape to the diffuser, covering the entire surface, place the flash behind it and add a reflector to enhance the shadows.
Create your own moon and shoot exquisite portraits in its light
Take a large (size A0) sheet of black paper and cut a circle out of it. After that, fix it on the diffuser at the level of the head and shoulders of the model. Place the flash behind the moon. Done!
A small flash can be placed inside another object and thus make it glow from the inside.